Native Plant Descriptions

Woodbrook Nursery is one of the best retail sources for Pacific Northwest Native Plants in the greater Seattle, Tacoma and Olympia area. Why grow native plants? They are adapted to our wet winters and dry summers, unlike most non-native plants. They also provide food and shelter for indigenous wildlife. So when adding to your landscape, or doing a new landscape, do consider the advantages of these environmentally friendly plants.

Click on the name of the plant and you can see additional information and more pictures of each plant.

In the plant list, non-natives have an asterisk after the scientific name, such as:
Scientific name*

Deciduous Trees

Acer macrophyllum,  Bigleaf Maple

Acer macrophyllum

Bigleaf Maple

A vigorous growing native maple tree that grows rapidly to 75-100 ft. high and 50 ft. wide.


Alnus rubra,  Red Alder

Alnus rubra

Red Alder

Alders, thriving in areas and soils in which other plants barely survive, are very important in land reclamation.


Betula papyrifera,  Canoe Birch, Paper Birch

Betula papyrifera

Canoe Birch, Paper Birch

As this specimen native tree matures, the bark develops creamy-white areas and peals off in papery layers.


Cornus nuttalli,  Pacific Dogwood

Cornus nuttalli

Pacific Dogwood

Our native dogwood tree flowers in April or May before its leaves are out.


Crataegus douglassii,  Western (Douglas) Hawthorn

Crataegus douglassii

Western (Douglas) Hawthorn

A small native tree growing to 20 ft.


Fraxinus latifolia,  Oregon Ash

Fraxinus latifolia

Oregon Ash

This native tree does well in wet, low-lying areas.


Larix occidentalis,  Western Larch

Larix occidentalis

Western Larch

A large, deciduous conifer that turns a golden yellow in the fall.


Malus (Pyrus) fusca

Pacific Crabapple

Small native tree up to 15-30 ft. high, spreading 10-20 ft..


Metasequoia glyptostroboides*,  Dawn Redwood

Metasequoia glyptostroboides*

Dawn Redwood

A prehistoric deciduous conifer, once thought to be extinct, was rediscovered in China.


Populus tremuloides

Quaking Aspen

An ornamental or reclamation native plant known for its quivering leaves and distinctive greenish white bark.


Populus trichocarpa,  Black Cottonwood

Populus trichocarpa

Black Cottonwood

This native tree grows rapidly. Tolerates moisture.


Prunus americana,  Native American Plum

Prunus americana

Native American Plum

Deciduous native plum tree.


Prunus emarginata

Bitter Cherry

Small native tree or large shrub growing to 45 ft. tall and 15-25 ft. wide.


Prunus virginiana,  Chokecherry

Prunus virginiana

Chokecherry

Small native tree or large shrub growing to 25-35 ft. high and 12-20 ft. wide.


Quercus garryana,  Oregon White Oak

Quercus garryana

Oregon White Oak

A slow growing native tree that develops an intricate branching pattern when older.


Rhamnus purshiana,  Cascara

Rhamnus purshiana

Cascara

A small native tree growing up to 30 ft..


Salix hookeriana,  Hooker's Willow

Salix hookeriana

Hooker's Willow

Large willow growing to about 18 ft..


Salix lasiandra,  Red or Pacific Willow

Salix lasiandra

Red or Pacific Willow

A small tree or multi-stemmed shrub.


Salix scouleriana,  Scouler's Willow

Salix scouleriana

Scouler's Willow

Rapidly growing large shrub or small tree growing to 30 ft.


Salix sitchensis,  Sitka Willow

Salix sitchensis

Sitka Willow

Small tree or shrub growing to 24 ft.


Sorbus scopulorum,  Western Mountain Ash

Sorbus scopulorum

Western Mountain Ash

A shrub or small native tree growing up to 12 ft.

Coniferous Trees

Abies amabilis,  Pacific Silver Fir

Abies amabilis

Pacific Silver Fir

A dense, conifer with a cylindrical, or conical shape, commonly found at high elevations.


Abies balsameas*,  Balsam Fir

Abies balsameas*

Balsam Fir

A good specimen or used as a Christmas tree.


Abies bournmuelleriana*

Turkish Fir

A good specimen or used as a Christmas tree.


Abies concolor,  White Fir

Abies concolor

White Fir

A slow-growing, broadly pyramidal tree, growing to 75 or 100 feet..


Abies lasiocarpa,  Subalpine Fir

Abies lasiocarpa

Subalpine Fir

This popular landscape plant grows slowly and is used extensively for specimen plantings.


Abies procera,  Noble Fir

Abies procera

Noble Fir

Usually found at higher elevations, the Noble Fir is a fine specimen tree and one of the most highly prized Christmas trees.


Calocedrus decurrens,  Incense Cedar

Calocedrus decurrens

Incense Cedar

Native to Oregon and California, this tree also does quite well in the Puget Sound area.


Cham.nootkXCupress leylandii*

Leyland Cypress

A rapidly growing hybrid between C. nootkatensis and Cupressus macrocarpa.


Chamaecyparis lawsoniana

Port Orford Cedar, Lawson Cypress

A widely used ornamental conifer.


Chamaecyparis nootkatensis,  Alaska Yellow Cedar

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis

Alaska Yellow Cedar

Graceful conifer with drooping branches, native from Alaska to California.


Juniperus scopulorum,  Rocky Mountain Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum

Rocky Mountain Juniper

A shrubby, evergreen tree found in dry, rocky habitats in the San Juan Islands.


Larix occidentalis,  Western Larch

Larix occidentalis

Western Larch

A large, deciduous conifer that turns a golden yellow in the fall.


Metasequoia glyptostroboides*,  Dawn Redwood

Metasequoia glyptostroboides*

Dawn Redwood

A prehistoric deciduous conifer, once thought to be extinct, was rediscovered in China.


Picea pungens Glauca*,  Colorado Blue Spruce

Picea pungens Glauca*

Colorado Blue Spruce

Attractive bluish needles make this tree a popular specimen or Christmas tree.


Picea sitchensis,  Sitka Spruce

Picea sitchensis

Sitka Spruce

This tree is commonly found in the rain forests of the Olympic Peninsula.


Pinus contorta contorta,  Shore Pine

Pinus contorta contorta

Shore Pine

Common from sea level to timberline, this medium sized pine tree is useful both in sandy areas subjected to salt spray or in ornamental gardens.


Pseudotsuga menziesii,  Douglas Fir

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Douglas Fir

A very common NW conifer, the Douglas Fir graces many a neighborhood already.


Sequoia giganteum

Giant Sequoia

Native to the west slope of the Sierra Nevada, it can grow to be one of the tallest trees in the world.


Sequoia sempervirens

Coast Redwood

Coastal redwood tree.


Taxus brevifoli,  Pacific Yew

Taxus brevifoli

Pacific Yew

Evergreen understory shrub to small tree 6-45' tall.


Thuja plicata,  Western Red Cedar

Thuja plicata

Western Red Cedar

Highly valued for its rot resistant wood, this tree is also a valuable, attractive ornamental.


Tsuga heterophylla,  Western Hemlock

Tsuga heterophylla

Western Hemlock

A graceful tree distinguished by its drooping leader.


Tsuga mertensiana,  Mountain Hemlock

Tsuga mertensiana

Mountain Hemlock

Slow growing conifer common to the Cascades and Olympics.

Broadleaf Evergreen Trees

Arbutus menziesii,  Pacific Madrone

Arbutus menziesii

Pacific Madrone

This elegant, broad-leaved evergreen tree, has a distinctive smooth reddish brown trunk with exfoliating bark on upper branches.

Deciduous Shrubs

Acer circinatum,  Vine Maple

Acer circinatum

Vine Maple

This distinctive plant is as highly valued as an urban ornamental as it is in native plantings.


Acer glabrum,  Douglas Maple

Acer glabrum

Douglas Maple

A deciduous shrub that can reach about 30 feet.


Amelanchier alnifolia,  Serviceberry

Amelanchier alnifolia

Serviceberry

Valued by English gardeners, this attractive plant merits wider use in ornamental gardens, as well as in naturalized settings.


Cornus sericea Flaviramea,  Yellow Twig Dogwood

Cornus sericea Flaviramea

Yellow Twig Dogwood

Like the red twig Dogwood, but with yellow stems.


Cornus stolonifera or Cornus sericea,  Redtwig Dogwood, Red Osier, Creek Dogwood

Cornus stolonifera or Cornus sericea

Redtwig Dogwood, Red Osier, Creek Dogwood

With red stems in winter, this plant is highly valued ornamentally, but also does quite well in the naturalized landscape.


Corylus cornuta californica,  Western Hazelnut

Corylus cornuta californica

Western Hazelnut

A tall, spreading deciduous shrub with edible hazelnuts favored by squirrels.


Crataegus douglassii,  Western (Douglas) Hawthorn

Crataegus douglassii

Western (Douglas) Hawthorn

A small native tree growing to 20 ft.


Holodiscus discolor,  Ocean Spray

Holodiscus discolor

Ocean Spray

In spring, this member of the Rose Family provides quite a floral show along many NW roads.


Lonicera involucrata,  Black Twinberry

Lonicera involucrata

Black Twinberry

This is the largest of the shrubby honeysuckles, reaching 10 feet tall.


Malus (Pyrus) fusca

Pacific Crabapple

Small native tree up to 15-30 ft. high, spreading 10-20 ft..


Oemleria cerasiformis or Osmaronia cerasiformis,  Indian Plum or Oso Berry

Oemleria cerasiformis or Osmaronia cerasiformis

Indian Plum or Oso Berry

By early March this shrub starts leafing out and blooms with pendant white flower clusters.


Philadelphus lewisii,  Mock-Orange

Philadelphus lewisii

Mock-Orange

Our native mock-orange has been a prized ornamental in Europe since 1825.


Physocarpus capitatus,  Pacific Ninebark

Physocarpus capitatus

Pacific Ninebark

This tallish shrub with an interesting bark favors low elevations in open woods, along creeks or in moist areas.


Prunus virginiana,  Chokecherry

Prunus virginiana

Chokecherry

Small native tree or large shrub growing to 25-35 ft. high and 12-20 ft. wide.


Rhododendron occidentale,  Western Azalea

Rhododendron occidentale

Western Azalea

Used extensively in azalea crosses, this is one of our best native summer bloomers.


Ribes aureum,  Golden (Yellow) Currant

Ribes aureum

Golden (Yellow) Currant

Attractive deciduous shrub with edible berries that attract birds.


Ribes lacustre

Swamp Currant, Black Gooseberry

Shrub that likes a moist to dryer soil in part sun to part shade.


Ribes sanguineum,  Red Flowering Currant

Ribes sanguineum

Red Flowering Currant

Attractive flowering shrub used a lot ornamentally.


Rosa gymnocarpa

Baldhip Rose

This wild rose has brilliant red hips that are food for birds and small mammals.


Rosa nutkana,  Nootka Rose

Rosa nutkana

Nootka Rose

This native rose does well in both dryish and moist habitats on both sides of the Cascades.


Rosa pisocarpa,  Clustered Wild rose, Peafruit Rose, Swamp Rose

Rosa pisocarpa

Clustered Wild rose, Peafruit Rose, Swamp Rose

A native rose with deep pink flowers followed by hips which provide food for wildlife.


Rosa Rugosa*,  Rugosa Rose

Rosa Rugosa*

Rugosa Rose

Deep pink to white flowers are followed by red hips.


Rubus parviflorus,  Thimbleberry

Rubus parviflorus

Thimbleberry

Shrub grows to 4 ft.. and has edible red fruit which is good wildlife food.


Rubus spectabilis,  Salmonberry

Rubus spectabilis

Salmonberry

Reddish purple flowers bloom before foliage appears in early spring and can attract hummingbirds.


Salix hookeriana,  Hooker's Willow

Salix hookeriana

Hooker's Willow

Large willow growing to about 18 ft..


Salix lasiandra,  Red or Pacific Willow

Salix lasiandra

Red or Pacific Willow

A small tree or multi-stemmed shrub.


Salix scouleriana,  Scouler's Willow

Salix scouleriana

Scouler's Willow

Rapidly growing large shrub or small tree growing to 30 ft.


Salix sitchensis,  Sitka Willow

Salix sitchensis

Sitka Willow

Small tree or shrub growing to 24 ft.


Sambucus caerulea,  Blue Elderberry

Sambucus caerulea

Blue Elderberry

Deciduous shrub with blue edible berries, good for jams, jelly, pies, wine or the birds.


Sambucus racemosa,  Red Elderberry

Sambucus racemosa

Red Elderberry

This deciduous shrub is very common west of the Cascades with showy white flowers followed by red clusters of berries popular with wildlife.


Sorbus scopulorum,  Western Mountain Ash

Sorbus scopulorum

Western Mountain Ash

A shrub or small native tree growing up to 12 ft.


Sorbus sitchensis

Sitka Mountain Ash

A shrub or small tree growing up to 12 ft.


Spirea densiflora,  Subalpine Spirea

Spirea densiflora

Subalpine Spirea

This shrub grows to about 70 cm, has attractive flat topped clusters of pink flowers.


Spirea douglasii,  Douglas Spirea

Spirea douglasii

Douglas Spirea

This attractive, many-stemmed shrub does best in moist, open sunny areas.


Symphoricarpos albus,  Common Snowberry

Symphoricarpos albus

Common Snowberry

A low twiggy shrub usually reaching about 2-3 ft..


Symphoricarpos mollis

Creeping Snowberry

Similar to the Common Snowberry but smaller and can spread by above ground stems rooting at the nodes.


Syringa pubescens patula*,  Miss Kim Lilac

Syringa pubescens patula*

Miss Kim Lilac

Dense lilac bush growing to ~4-6 ft. tall in 5 years.


Vaccinium membranaceum,  Mountain, Black Huckleberry

Vaccinium membranaceum

Mountain, Black Huckleberry

Understory shrub growing to about 4.5 ft. which gets purplish to red-black edible & tasty berries.


Vaccinium ovalifolium

Oval-leafed Blueberry

Deciduous shrub to 6 ft. tall with Blue-black berries which ripen in July.


Vaccinium parvifolium,  Red Huckleberry

Vaccinium parvifolium

Red Huckleberry

This deciduous shrub can vary from 3-12 ft..


Viburnum opulus,  High Bush Cranberry

Viburnum opulus

High Bush Cranberry

This shrub can grow to 10 ft.

Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen Shrubs

Arctostaphylos columbiana

Hairy Manzanita

A hard to find coastal broad leafed evergreen plant.


Ceanothus velutinus,  Snowbrush

Ceanothus velutinus

Snowbrush

Plants have thick, shiny, evergreen leaves often sticky on top with 3 main veins.


Gaultheria shallon,  Salal

Gaultheria shallon

Salal

Plants have thick, evergreen leaves, that are valued in floral arrangements.


Juniperus scopulorum,  Rocky Mountain Juniper

Juniperus scopulorum

Rocky Mountain Juniper

A shrubby, evergreen tree found in dry, rocky habitats in the San Juan Islands.


Mahonia (Berberis) aquifolium,  Tall Oregon Grape

Mahonia (Berberis) aquifolium

Tall Oregon Grape

Highly valued as an evergreen ornamental as well as in naturalized settings.


Mahonia (Berberis) nervosa,  Low (Cascade) Oregon Grape

Mahonia (Berberis) nervosa

Low (Cascade) Oregon Grape

An evergreen shrub, with compound leaves, about 2 feet in height.


Mahonia (Berberis) repens,  Creeping (Mahonia) Or. Grape

Mahonia (Berberis) repens

Creeping (Mahonia) Or. Grape

This evergreen plant is the smallest of our native Oregon grapes.


Mahonia aquifolium Compacta

Compact Oregon Grape

Like the Tall Oregon Grape, but not growing as tall.


Myrica californica,  Pacific Wax Myrtle

Myrica californica

Pacific Wax Myrtle

This plant makes an excellent, attractive screen, growing up to 15 feet high and about as wide.


Potentilla fruiticosa,  Shrubby Cinquefoil

Potentilla fruiticosa

Shrubby Cinquefoil

Semi-evergreen shrub with yellow flowers.


Prunus laurocerasus Schipkaensis*

Schipka Laurel

Evergreen shrub with dark green leaves.


Quercus sadleriana,  Sadler Oak

Quercus sadleriana

Sadler Oak

This tree/shrub is evergreen with thick leaves.


Rhododendron macrophyllum,  Pacific Rhododendron

Rhododendron macrophyllum

Pacific Rhododendron

The state flower of Washington has large leaves and large trusses of flowers.


Vaccinium ovatum,  Evergreen Huckleberry

Vaccinium ovatum

Evergreen Huckleberry

This superb evergreen does as well in cultivation as it does in more naturalized settings.

Groundcovers

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi,  Kinnikinnick, Bearberry

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Kinnikinnick, Bearberry

A low growing native evergreen ground cover highly valued both as an ornamental and in naturalized settings.


Asarum caudatum,  Wild Ginger

Asarum caudatum

Wild Ginger

Low growing to about 6 in., it has glossy evergreen leaves and purple flowers.


Caltha leptosepala,  Marshmarigold

Caltha leptosepala

Marshmarigold

Low Growing showy Plant with white flowers.


Ceanothus gloriosus*,  Pt. Reyes Ceanothus

Ceanothus gloriosus*

Pt. Reyes Ceanothus

Low growing evergreen groundcover with blue flowers.


Cornus canadensis,  Bunchberry, Creeping Dogwood

Cornus canadensis

Bunchberry, Creeping Dogwood

This deciduous groundcover, a member of the Dogwood Family, has the distinctive white bracts around its flower.


Fragaria chiloensis,  Coastal Strawberry

Fragaria chiloensis

Coastal Strawberry

Low, evergreen groundcover that spreads by runners.


Fragaria vesca,  Woods Strawberry or Woodland Strawberry

Fragaria vesca

Woods Strawberry or Woodland Strawberry

Similar to Wild Strawberry but the leaves are a brighter green.


Fragaria virginiana,  Wild Strawberry

Fragaria virginiana

Wild Strawberry

This strawberry's leaves are bluish-green and not shiny.


Gaultheria procumbens*,  Wintergreen

Gaultheria procumbens*

Wintergreen

An eastern native, nice evergreen groundcover for shade with spicy berries.


Gaultheria shallon,  Salal

Gaultheria shallon

Salal

Plants have thick, evergreen leaves, that are valued in floral arrangements.


Linnaea borealis

Twinflower

A charming little woodland groundcover.


Mahonia (Berberis) nervosa,  Low (Cascade) Oregon Grape

Mahonia (Berberis) nervosa

Low (Cascade) Oregon Grape

An evergreen shrub, with compound leaves, about 2 feet in height.


Mahonia (Berberis) repens,  Creeping (Mahonia) Or. Grape

Mahonia (Berberis) repens

Creeping (Mahonia) Or. Grape

This evergreen plant is the smallest of our native Oregon grapes.


Maianthemum dilatatum,  False lily-of-the-valley

Maianthemum dilatatum

False lily-of-the-valley

This understory plant prefers moist areas.


Oxalis oregana,  Oregon Oxalis

Oxalis oregana

Oregon Oxalis

A low growing perennial ground cover with clover-like leaves.


Vaccinium caespitosum

Dwarf Blueberry, Dwarf Bilberry

Low-spreading matted deciduous plant to ~12 in. tall.


Vancouveria hexandra,  Inside-out Flower

Vancouveria hexandra

Inside-out Flower

Attractive delicate looking foliage and delicate white flowers.


Vinca minor*,  Dwarf Periwinkle

Vinca minor*

Dwarf Periwinkle

An evergreen groundcover which does best in shade with some summer irrigation.


Viola palustris,  Marsh or Blue-runner Violet

Viola palustris

Marsh or Blue-runner Violet

Perennial plant with lilac to white flowers.

Ferns

Adiantum pedatum

Maidenhair Fern

Delicate fern favored by gardeners.


Athyrium filix-femina,  Lady-Fern

Athyrium filix-femina

Lady-Fern

This deciduous fern does well in moist woods, along streambanks and in wet meadows.


Blechum spicant,  Deer Fern

Blechum spicant

Deer Fern

A delicate looking fern often used in floral arrangements.


Dryopteris expansa

Wood Fern

Deciduous fern which can spread by rhizomatic roots.


Gymnocarpium dryopteris,  Oak Fern

Gymnocarpium dryopteris

Oak Fern

A deciduous fern with delicate triangular blades, usually solitary but often in masses.


Polystichum munitum,  Western Sword Fern

Polystichum munitum

Western Sword Fern

An evergreen fern which is very abundant in our northwest forests.

Perennials

Achillea millefolium,  Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

Yarrow

A perennial aromatic herb growing to ~4-38 in. tall.


Achlys triphylla,  Vanilla Leaf

Achlys triphylla

Vanilla Leaf

A perennial herb spreading by underground roots.


Allium cernuum,  Nodding Onion

Allium cernuum

Nodding Onion

A wild onion preferring moist sunny locations such as wet meadows.


Anaphalis margaritacea,  Pearly Everlasting

Anaphalis margaritacea

Pearly Everlasting

Leaves are green on top and woolly-white underneath.


Aquilegia formosa,  Western Columbine

Aquilegia formosa

Western Columbine

This red columbine is found in mountain meadows, along streamsides, and in open rocky places throughout the Pacific Northwest.


Armeria maritime,  Sea Thrift

Armeria maritime

Sea Thrift

A perennial herb commonly found along coastal beaches and sometimes in meadows.


Aruncus dioicus (sylvester),  Goatsbeard

Aruncus dioicus (sylvester)

Goatsbeard

Perennial growing with White flowers hang down in clusters that resemble a beard of a goat or spaghetti.


Asarum caudatum,  Wild Ginger

Asarum caudatum

Wild Ginger

Low growing to about 6 in., it has glossy evergreen leaves and purple flowers.


Aster modestus

Great Northern Aster

Violet daisy-like flowers with yellow centers. 1 to 3 feet tall.


Aster subspicatus,  Douglas Aster

Aster subspicatus

Douglas Aster

Perennial growing 8-36 in. tall with blue to purple flowers.


Balsamorhiza deltoidea

Deltoid Balsamroot

This perennial has a sunflower-like inflorescence (about 3-5 in. wide).


Brodiaea congesta

Northern Brodiaea

Perennial herb growing from a corm with pinkish to bluish-purples flowers.


Calochortus tolmiei

Tolmie's Mariposa Lily

Perennial herb from a bulb.


Caltha leptosepala,  Marshmarigold

Caltha leptosepala

Marshmarigold

Perennial with short fleshy stems favoring moist areas and has showy white flowers.


Caltha leptosepala,  Marshmarigold

Caltha leptosepala

Marshmarigold

Low Growing showy Plant with white flowers.


Camassia leichtlinii,  Great Camas, Leichtlin's Camas

Camassia leichtlinii

Great Camas, Leichtlin's Camas

Perennial herb with grass like leaves to 18 in. high and pale to deep blue flowers.


Campanula rotundifolia

Harebell or Bluebells-of-Scotland

Perennial herb with blue, bell-shaped flowers.


Carex  lyngbyei,  Lyngby's Sedge

Carex lyngbyei

Lyngby's Sedge

A native grass that does well in tidal marshes and flats.


Carex obnupta,  Slough sedge

Carex obnupta

Slough sedge

A native grass that does well in moister areas. Picture taken by Warren Krupsaw.


Castillejas,  Indian Paintbrush

Castillejas

Indian Paintbrush

Colorful bright red to scarlet bracts surround inconspicuous flowers.


Cornus canadensis,  Bunchberry, Creeping Dogwood

Cornus canadensis

Bunchberry, Creeping Dogwood

This deciduous groundcover, a member of the Dogwood Family, has the distinctive white bracts around its flower.


Delphinium nuttalli

Nuttall's Larkspur

Growing 1-2 ft. Deep blue to purple flowers on stalks.


Deschampsia caespitosa

Tufted Hairgrass

Densely tufted perennial with many stems reaching 8-40 in. tall.


Dicentra formosa,  Pacific Bleeding Heart

Dicentra formosa

Pacific Bleeding Heart

This native perennial can be found from British Columbia to California, usually west of the Cascades.


Dodecatheon jeffreyi,  Jeffrey's Shooting Star

Dodecatheon jeffreyi

Jeffrey's Shooting Star

One of the most beautiful native wildflowers.


Elymus mollis

American Dunegrass

A robust perennial grass, 2-4 feet tall, with thick spreading rhizomes.


Erigeron speciocus,  Showy Fleabane

Erigeron speciocus

Showy Fleabane

An attractive perennial, 8-24 in. tall, with lavender-blue daisy-like flowers.


Eriophyllum lanatum,  Wooly Sunflower, Oregon Sunshine

Eriophyllum lanatum

Wooly Sunflower, Oregon Sunshine

An perennial subshrub, 4-40 in. tall with yellow, daisy-like flowers.


Festuca idahoensis,  Idaho Fescue

Festuca idahoensis

Idaho Fescue

Densely tufted perennial with narrow bluish-green leaves.


Fragaria chiloensis,  Coastal Strawberry

Fragaria chiloensis

Coastal Strawberry

Low, evergreen groundcover that spreads by runners.


Fragaria vesca,  Woods Strawberry or Woodland Strawberry

Fragaria vesca

Woods Strawberry or Woodland Strawberry

Similar to Wild Strawberry but the leaves are a brighter green.


Fragaria virginiana,  Wild Strawberry

Fragaria virginiana

Wild Strawberry

This strawberry's leaves are bluish-green and not shiny.


Geum machrophylum

Large Leaf Avens


Heracleum lanatum

Cow Parsnip

A very large perennial, 3-9 feet tall with large white umbrella-like flower clusters, similar to wild carrot or Queen Anne's Lace.


Heuchera micrantha

Small-flowered Alumroot

Similar to Fringecup and Piggyback plant, this perennial from the saxifrage family has bright green leaves and grows in clumps.


Ipomopsis aggregata

Scarlet Gilia

A biennial or short-lived perennial.


Iris  douglasiana,  Douglas Iris

Iris douglasiana

Douglas Iris

Showy clumped perennial with flowers from cream to reddish purple.


Iris setosa,  Alaska Iris, Wild Flag

Iris setosa

Alaska Iris, Wild Flag

A blue iris with dark veins.


Iris tenax,  Oregon Iris

Iris tenax

Oregon Iris

Showy clumped perennial with blue to purple spring flowers.


Juncus ensifolius

Dagger-leafed Rush

Wetland grass with spiked leaves.


Lewisia cotyledon,  Siskyou Bitterroot

Lewisia cotyledon

Siskyou Bitterroot

A rock garden favorite native to the Siskyous of Oregon and California.


Lewisia rediviva

Bitterroot

A rock garden favorite native to eastern Washington.


Lilium columbianum

Tiger Lily

Grown from a bulb, this has small flowers that are orange and spotted red.


Lonicera ciliosa,  Trumpet Honeysuckle

Lonicera ciliosa

Trumpet Honeysuckle

A climbing vine with clusters of trumpet-shaped orange flowers.


Lonicera hispidula,  Hairy Honeysuckle

Lonicera hispidula

Hairy Honeysuckle

Like the trumpet honeysuckle but flowers are pinkish.


Lupinus albicaulis

Sickle-keeled Lupine, Pine Lupine

Perennial growing 4-15 in. Leaves with silky hairs.


Lupinus littoralis

Seashore Lupine

A trailing, hairy perennial growing to 24 in. often in mats.


Lupinus polyphyllus,  Big Leaf Lupine

Lupinus polyphyllus

Big Leaf Lupine

Perennial growing 2-5 ft. with blue flowers.


Lupinus rivularis

Streambank Lupine

Perennial growing 18-24 in. with violet or blue flowers.


Lysichiton americanum

Skunk Cabbage

Perennial with large leaves that bear like to eat.


Maianthemum dilatatum,  False lily-of-the-valley

Maianthemum dilatatum

False lily-of-the-valley

This understory plant prefers moist areas.


Mimulus guttatus,  Yellow Monkey-Flower

Mimulus guttatus

Yellow Monkey-Flower

A perennial growing 4-28 in. tall with bright yellow trumpet-shaped flowers.


Oxalis oregana,  Oregon Oxalis

Oxalis oregana

Oregon Oxalis

A low growing perennial ground cover with clover-like leaves.


Petasites palmatus,  Petasites palmatus, Palmate Coltsfoot

Petasites palmatus

Petasites palmatus, Palmate Coltsfoot

A Rhizomic perennial with large clusters of creamy white to pinkish flowers.


Potentilla gracillis,  Graceful Cinquefoil

Potentilla gracillis

Graceful Cinquefoil

Perennial herb with runners. Yellow flowers.


Scirpus microcarpus,  Small-fruited Bullrush

Scirpus microcarpus

Small-fruited Bullrush

A grasslike wetland perennial useful for nesting of waterfowl.


Sedum oreganum

Oregon Stonecrop

Attractive succulent herb that spreads from rhizomes.


Sisyrinchium californicum,  Yellow Eyed Grass

Sisyrinchium californicum

Yellow Eyed Grass

Like the Idaho Blue-eyed grass, but with yellow flowers.


Sisyrinchium idahoense,  Idaho Blue-eyed Grass

Sisyrinchium idahoense

Idaho Blue-eyed Grass

Dainty blue to purple flowers in May/June on stems ~16" tall.


Smilacina racemosa

False Solomons seal

Creamy white flower clusters followed by fleshy fruit.


Tolmiea menziesii

Youth-on-age, Piggy-back plant

Perennial that can spread from rhizomes.


Trillium ovatum,  Western Trillium

Trillium ovatum

Western Trillium

When this distinctive flower blooms, northwesterners know that spring is here!


Typha latifolia

Common Cattail

Perennial reaching 3-9 ft. tall.


Vancouveria hexandra,  Inside-out Flower

Vancouveria hexandra

Inside-out Flower

Attractive delicate looking foliage and delicate white flowers.


Viola palustris,  Marsh or Blue-runner Violet

Viola palustris

Marsh or Blue-runner Violet

Perennial plant with lilac to white flowers.


Xerophyllum tenax,  Beargrass

Xerophyllum tenax

Beargrass

A clumped grass up to 3-5 ft. tall that has flowers on spikes.

Vines

Lonicera ciliosa,  Trumpet Honeysuckle

Lonicera ciliosa

Trumpet Honeysuckle

A climbing vine with clusters of trumpet-shaped orange flowers.


Lonicera hispidula,  Hairy Honeysuckle

Lonicera hispidula

Hairy Honeysuckle

Like the trumpet honeysuckle but flowers are pinkish.

Annuals

Claytonia sibirica

Siberian Miners Lettus

Succulent annual with white or pinkish flowers.