Growing Conditions

We hope this summary will help you in deciding which plants may do well in which locations. It is based on our 16 years of growing these plants and what we have observed both in the nursery and in the wild. Sometimes it will be slightly different from the literature we have read.

Scientific & Common Name Soil Conditions Sun & Shade
Very Dry Dry Some Moisture Moist & Well-drained Wet Full Sun Part Shade Shade

Deciduous Tree

Acer macrophyllum, Bigleaf Maple X X X X X
Alnus rubra, Red Alder X X X X X X
Betula papyrifera, Canoe Birch, Paper Birch X X X X X
Cornus nuttalli, Pacific Dogwood X X X X X
Crataegus douglassii, Western (Douglas) Hawthorn X X X X X X
Fraxinus latifolia, Oregon Ash X X X X X X
Larix occidentalis, Western Larch X X X
Malus (Pyrus) fusca, Pacific Crabapple X X X X X
Metasequoia glyptostroboides*, Dawn Redwood X X X
Populus tremuloides, Quaking Aspen X X X X X X
Populus trichocarpa, Black Cottonwood X X X X X X
Prunus americana, Native American Plum X X X
Prunus emarginata, Bitter Cherry X X X X
Prunus virginiana, Chokecherry X X X X
Quercus garryana, Oregon White Oak X X X
Rhamnus purshiana, Cascara X X X X X
Salix hookeriana, Hooker's Willow X X X X X
Salix lasiandra, Red or Pacific Willow X X X X
Salix scouleriana, Scouler's Willow X X X X X
Salix sitchensis, Sitka Willow X X X X X
Sorbus scopulorum, Western Mountain Ash X X X X

Coniferous Tree

Abies amabilis, Pacific Silver Fir X X X
Abies balsameas*, Balsam Fir X X X
Abies bournmuelleriana*, Turkish Fir X X X
Abies concolor, White Fir X X X
Abies lasiocarpa, Subalpine Fir X X X
Abies procera, Noble Fir X X
Calocedrus decurrens, Incense Cedar X X X X
Cham.nootkXCupress leylandii*, Leyland Cypress X X X
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, Port Orford Cedar, Lawson Cypress X X
Chamaecyparis nootkatensis, Alaska Yellow Cedar X X X X X
Juniperus scopulorum, Rocky Mountain Juniper X X X
Larix occidentalis, Western Larch X X X
Metasequoia glyptostroboides*, Dawn Redwood X X X
Picea pungens Glauca*, Colorado Blue Spruce X X
Picea sitchensis, Sitka Spruce X X X X
Pinus contorta contorta, Shore Pine X X X
Pseudotsuga menziesii, Douglas Fir X X X
Sequoia giganteum, Giant Sequoia X X X X
Sequoia sempervirens, Coast Redwood
Taxus brevifoli, Pacific Yew
Thuja plicata, Western Red Cedar X X X X X
Tsuga heterophylla, Western Hemlock X X X X X X
Tsuga mertensiana, Mountain Hemlock X X X X

Broadleaf Evergreen Tree

Arbutus menziesii, Pacific Madrone X X X

Deciduous Shrub

Acer circinatum, Vine Maple X X X X X X
Acer glabrum, Douglas Maple X X X X X
Amelanchier alnifolia, Serviceberry X X X
Cornus sericea Flaviramea, Yellow Twig Dogwood X X X X
Cornus stolonifera or Cornus sericea, Redtwig Dogwood, Red Osier, Creek Dogwood X X X X X X
Corylus cornuta californica, Western Hazelnut X X X X
Crataegus douglassii, Western (Douglas) Hawthorn X X X X X X
Holodiscus discolor, Ocean Spray X X
Lonicera involucrata, Black Twinberry X X X X X X
Malus (Pyrus) fusca, Pacific Crabapple X X X X X
Oemleria cerasiformis or Osmaronia cerasiformis, Indian Plum or Oso Berry X X X
Philadelphus lewisii, Mock-Orange X X X X
Physocarpus capitatus, Pacific Ninebark X X X X X X X
Prunus virginiana, Chokecherry X X X X
Rhododendron occidentale, Western Azalea X X X X X
Ribes aureum, Golden (Yellow) Currant X X X X X
Ribes lacustre, Swamp Currant, Black Gooseberry X X X X X X
Ribes sanguineum, Red Flowering Currant X X X X X
Rosa gymnocarpa, Baldhip Rose X X X X
Rosa nutkana, Nootka Rose X X X X X
Rosa pisocarpa, Clustered Wild rose, Peafruit Rose, Swamp Rose X X X X X X
Rosa Rugosa*, Rugosa Rose X X X X
Rubus parviflorus, Thimbleberry X X X
Rubus spectabilis, Salmonberry X X X X X X
Salix hookeriana, Hooker's Willow X X X X X
Salix lasiandra, Red or Pacific Willow X X X X
Salix scouleriana, Scouler's Willow X X X X X
Salix sitchensis, Sitka Willow X X X X X
Sambucus caerulea, Blue Elderberry X X X
Sambucus racemosa, Red Elderberry X X X X
Sorbus scopulorum, Western Mountain Ash X X X X
Sorbus sitchensis, Sitka Mountain Ash X X
Spirea densiflora, Subalpine Spirea X X X X X
Spirea douglasii, Douglas Spirea X X X X X X
Symphoricarpos albus, Common Snowberry X X X X X X
Symphoricarpos mollis, Creeping Snowberry X X X
Syringa pubescens patula*, Miss Kim Lilac X X X X
Vaccinium membranaceum, Mountain, Black Huckleberry X X X X
Vaccinium ovalifolium, Oval-leafed Blueberry X X X X
Vaccinium parvifolium, Red Huckleberry X X X X
Viburnum opulus, High Bush Cranberry X X X X

Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen Shrub

Arctostaphylos columbiana, Hairy Manzanita X X X
Ceanothus velutinus, Snowbrush X X X
Gaultheria shallon, Salal X X X X X
Juniperus scopulorum, Rocky Mountain Juniper X X X
Mahonia (Berberis) aquifolium, Tall Oregon Grape X X X X X
Mahonia (Berberis) nervosa, Low (Cascade) Oregon Grape X X X
Mahonia (Berberis) repens, Creeping (Mahonia) Or. Grape X X X
Mahonia aquifolium Compacta, Compact Oregon Grape X X X X
Myrica californica, Pacific Wax Myrtle X X X X
Potentilla fruiticosa, Shrubby Cinquefoil X X X X
Prunus laurocerasus Schipkaensis*, Schipka Laurel X X X
Quercus sadleriana, Sadler Oak X X X
Rhododendron macrophyllum, Pacific Rhododendron X X X X X
Vaccinium ovatum, Evergreen Huckleberry X X X X

Groundcover

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Kinnikinnick, Bearberry X X X X X
Asarum caudatum, Wild Ginger X X X X
Caltha leptosepala, Marshmarigold X X X X X
Ceanothus gloriosus*, Pt. Reyes Ceanothus X X X
Cornus canadensis, Bunchberry, Creeping Dogwood X X X
Fragaria chiloensis, Coastal Strawberry X X X
Fragaria vesca, Woods Strawberry or Woodland Strawberry X
Fragaria virginiana, Wild Strawberry X X X X
Gaultheria procumbens*, Wintergreen X X
Gaultheria shallon, Salal X X X X X
Linnaea borealis, Twinflower X X X
Mahonia (Berberis) nervosa, Low (Cascade) Oregon Grape X X X
Mahonia (Berberis) repens, Creeping (Mahonia) Or. Grape X X X
Maianthemum dilatatum, False lily-of-the-valley X X X
Oxalis oregana, Oregon Oxalis X X X X
Vaccinium caespitosum, Dwarf Blueberry, Dwarf Bilberry X X X
Vancouveria hexandra, Inside-out Flower X X X
Vinca minor*, Dwarf Periwinkle X X
Viola palustris, Marsh or Blue-runner Violet X X X X X X

Fern

Adiantum pedatum, Maidenhair Fern X X
Athyrium filix-femina, Lady-Fern X X X X X
Blechum spicant, Deer Fern X X X X X
Dryopteris expansa, Wood Fern
Gymnocarpium dryopteris, Oak Fern
Polystichum munitum, Western Sword Fern X X X X

Perennial

Achillea millefolium, Yarrow X X X X X
Achlys triphylla, Vanilla Leaf X
Allium cernuum, Nodding Onion X X X X
Anaphalis margaritacea, Pearly Everlasting X X X X X
Aquilegia formosa, Western Columbine X X X X
Armeria maritime, Sea Thrift X X
Aruncus dioicus (sylvester), Goatsbeard X X X X X
Asarum caudatum, Wild Ginger X X X X
Aster modestus, Great Northern Aster
Aster subspicatus, Douglas Aster X X X X X
Balsamorhiza deltoidea, Deltoid Balsamroot
Brodiaea congesta, Northern Brodiaea
Calochortus tolmiei, Tolmie's Mariposa Lily X
Caltha leptosepala, Marshmarigold X X X X
Caltha leptosepala, Marshmarigold X X X X X
Camassia leichtlinii, Great Camas, Leichtlin's Camas X X X X X
Campanula rotundifolia, Harebell or Bluebells-of-Scotland
Carex lyngbyei, Lyngby's Sedge X X X X
Carex obnupta, Slough sedge X X X X X X
Castillejas, Indian Paintbrush X X
Cornus canadensis, Bunchberry, Creeping Dogwood X X X
Delphinium nuttalli, Nuttall's Larkspur
Deschampsia caespitosa, Tufted Hairgrass X X X X X X
Dicentra formosa, Pacific Bleeding Heart X X X X
Dodecatheon jeffreyi, Jeffrey's Shooting Star X X
Elymus mollis, American Dunegrass X X X X X
Erigeron speciocus, Showy Fleabane X X X X X X
Eriophyllum lanatum, Wooly Sunflower, Oregon Sunshine X X
Festuca idahoensis, Idaho Fescue X X X
Fragaria chiloensis, Coastal Strawberry X X X
Fragaria vesca, Woods Strawberry or Woodland Strawberry X
Fragaria virginiana, Wild Strawberry X X X X
Geum machrophylum, Large Leaf Avens
Heracleum lanatum, Cow Parsnip X
Heuchera micrantha, Small-flowered Alumroot
Ipomopsis aggregata, Scarlet Gilia X X
Iris douglasiana, Douglas Iris X X X X X X
Iris setosa, Alaska Iris, Wild Flag X X X
Iris tenax, Oregon Iris X X X
Juncus ensifolius, Dagger-leafed Rush X X X X X
Lewisia cotyledon, Siskyou Bitterroot X X X
Lewisia rediviva, Bitterroot X X
Lilium columbianum, Tiger Lily X X
Lonicera ciliosa, Trumpet Honeysuckle X X X X
Lonicera hispidula, Hairy Honeysuckle X X X X X
Lupinus albicaulis, Sickle-keeled Lupine, Pine Lupine X X
Lupinus littoralis, Seashore Lupine X
Lupinus polyphyllus, Big Leaf Lupine X X X X
Lupinus rivularis, Streambank Lupine
Lysichiton americanum, Skunk Cabbage X X X X X
Maianthemum dilatatum, False lily-of-the-valley X X X
Mimulus guttatus, Yellow Monkey-Flower X X X X X X
Oxalis oregana, Oregon Oxalis X X X X
Petasites palmatus, Petasites palmatus, Palmate Coltsfoot X X X X X
Potentilla gracillis, Graceful Cinquefoil
Scirpus microcarpus, Small-fruited Bullrush X X X X X X X
Sedum oreganum, Oregon Stonecrop X X X X
Sisyrinchium californicum, Yellow Eyed Grass X X X X X X
Sisyrinchium idahoense, Idaho Blue-eyed Grass X X X X X X
Smilacina racemosa, False Solomons seal X
Tolmiea menziesii, Youth-on-age, Piggy-back plant X X X X X
Trillium ovatum, Western Trillium X X X X
Typha latifolia, Common Cattail X X X X X
Vancouveria hexandra, Inside-out Flower X X X
Viola palustris, Marsh or Blue-runner Violet X X X X X X
Xerophyllum tenax, Beargrass X X X

Vine

Lonicera ciliosa, Trumpet Honeysuckle X X X X
Lonicera hispidula, Hairy Honeysuckle X X X X X

Annual

Claytonia sibirica, Siberian Miners Lettus