Petasites palmatus Petasites palmatus, Palmate Coltsfoot

  • Petasites palmatus,  Petasites palmatus, Palmate Coltsfoot
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 10 inches, 10 inches
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 2-3 feet, 3-4 feet
 

Palmate Coltsfoot

This perennial can be found in the wild in wet areas in forests or clearings. Partial shade with a lot of light would probably be the best microclimate. It has large leaves.

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Caltha leptosepala Marshmarigold

  • Caltha leptosepala,  Marshmarigold
  • Plant type
    • GroundcoverPerennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 1 inch, 3 inches
 

Showy white flowers

This showy plant is very low growing. When it flowers it is just such a pleasant surprise to see! It has white flowers with yellow centers. It likes to grow along stream banks, in wet meadows or in seepage areas. Likes full sun. A good plant for a rain garden.

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Arctostaphylos columbiana Hairy Manzanita

  • Plant type
    • Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Very Dry
    • Dry
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • UPL-Very dry, found in upland
 

A hard to find coastal broad leafed evergreen plant.

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Ribes sanguineum Red Flowering Currant

  • Ribes sanguineum,  Red Flowering Currant
  • Ribes sanguineum,  Red Flowering Currant
  • Plant type
    • Deciduous Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Very Dry
    • Dry
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • UPL-Very dry, found in upland
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 8 to 24 inches, 6 to 12 inches
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 6 to 8 feet, 4 to 5 feet
 

Beautiful spring blooms followed by blue berries for wildlife.

This attractive shrub is used ornamentally in a lot of Pacific Northwest gardens. Beautiful clusters of light pink to deep pink flowers can attract hummingbirds. Clusters of blue berries form in August and are good wildlife food. Needs well drained soils in part shade to full sun.

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Cornus sericea Flaviramea Yellow Twig Dogwood

  • Cornus sericea Flaviramea,  Yellow Twig Dogwood
  • Cornus sericea Flaviramea,  Yellow Twig Dogwood
  • Cornus sericea Flaviramea,  Yellow Twig Dogwood
  • Cornus sericea Flaviramea,  Yellow Twig Dogwood
  • Plant type
    • Deciduous Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Non-native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
 

Like the red twig Dogwood, but with yellow stems. Good winter interest.

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Prunus americana Native American Plum

  • Prunus americana,  Native American Plum
  • Prunus americana,  Native American Plum
  • Prunus americana,  Native American Plum
  • Plant type
    • Deciduous Tree
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
 

Deciduous native plum tree. Have white flowers followed by plums.

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Ceanothus gloriosus* Pt. Reyes Ceanothus

  • Ceanothus gloriosus*,  Pt. Reyes Ceanothus
  • Ceanothus gloriosus*,  Pt. Reyes Ceanothus
  • Ceanothus gloriosus*,  Pt. Reyes Ceanothus
  • Ceanothus gloriosus*,  Pt. Reyes Ceanothus
  • Ceanothus gloriosus*,  Pt. Reyes Ceanothus
  • Plant type
    • Groundcover
  • Native or non-native
    • Non-native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Very Dry
    • Dry
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • UPL-Very dry, found in upland
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 3-6 inches, 12-24 inches
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 12-15 inches, 6 feet
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 12-18 inches, 12-16 feet
 

Low growing evergreen groundcover with blue flowers. Very drought tolerant. Shiny, dark green leaves, about 1 inch long. Quite attractive. Non-native.

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Mahonia aquifolium Compacta Compact Oregon Grape

  • Plant type
    • Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • UPL-Very dry, found in upland
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 2-3 feet, 5 or more feet
 

Like the Tall Oregon Grape, but not growing as tall. Gets to 2-3 ft. tall and 5 ft wide over lifetime. New foilage is light to coppery green.

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Xerophyllum tenax Beargrass

  • Xerophyllum tenax,  Beargrass
  • Xerophyllum tenax,  Beargrass
  • Xerophyllum tenax,  Beargrass
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Very Dry
    • Dry
 

A clumped grass up to 3-5 ft. tall that has flowers on spikes. Prefers well drained , partially open slopes. Often found in the mountains growing naturally. Needs very well drained soils in a garden situation.

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Viola palustris Marsh or Blue-runner Violet

  • Viola palustris,  Marsh or Blue-runner Violet
  • Viola palustris,  Marsh or Blue-runner Violet
  • Viola palustris,  Marsh or Blue-runner Violet
  • Plant type
    • GroundcoverPerennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

Perennial plant with runners to next plants. Flowers lilac to white. Likes cold damp areas in understory.

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Vinca minor* Dwarf Periwinkle

  • Vinca minor*,  Dwarf Periwinkle
  • Vinca minor*,  Dwarf Periwinkle
  • Plant type
    • Groundcover
  • Native or non-native
    • Non-native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
 

An evergreen groundcover which does best in shade with some summer irrigation. Lavender blue flowers. Grows about 6 inches high. Non-native.

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Vancouveria hexandra Inside-out Flower

  • Vancouveria hexandra,  Inside-out Flower
  • Plant type
    • GroundcoverPerennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

Attractive delicate looking foliage. Flowers are white and bend backwards making them look inside-out. Likes the shade and some moisture. Spreads by roots.

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Vaccinium caespitosum Dwarf Blueberry, Dwarf Bilberry

  • Plant type
    • Groundcover
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

Low-spreading matted deciduous plant to about 12 inches tall. Small whitish to pink flowers are followed by edible, sweet blue berries. Likes low elevation bogs, moist tundra.

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Typha latifolia Common Cattail

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

Perennial reaching 3 to 9 feet tall. Brown flowers resembling cattails. Likes wet areas.

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Trillium ovatum Western Trillium

  • Trillium ovatum,  Western Trillium
  • Trillium ovatum,  Western Trillium
  • Trillium ovatum,  Western Trillium
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

When this distinctive flower blooms, northwesterners know that spring is here! It is distinctive with three leaves bearing a single stalk upon which the white flower blooms. They prefer the moist, but well drained, forest floor with filtered light.

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Tolmiea menziesii Youth-on-age, Piggy-back plant

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

Perennial that can spread from rhizomes. Often used as a houseplant. Easy to grow. Likes woods and streamsides.

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Smilacina racemosa False Solomons seal

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Shade
 

Perrennial spreading from rhizomes. Leaves alternate on stems in two rows. Creamy white flower clusters followed by fleshy fruit. Likes moist forests, streambanks, meadows & clearings.

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Sisyrinchium idahoense Idaho Blue-eyed Grass

  • Sisyrinchium idahoense,  Idaho Blue-eyed Grass
  • Sisyrinchium idahoense,  Idaho Blue-eyed Grass
  • Sisyrinchium idahoense,  Idaho Blue-eyed Grass
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

Showy tufted perennial with leaves about 8 inches tall. Dainty blue to purple flowers in May/June on stems about 16 inches tall. Likes moist areas in sun to partial sun.

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Sisyrinchium californicum Yellow Eyed Grass

  • Sisyrinchium californicum,  Yellow Eyed Grass
  • Sisyrinchium californicum,  Yellow Eyed Grass
  • Sisyrinchium californicum,  Yellow Eyed Grass
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

Like the Idaho Blue-eyed grass, but with yellow flowers. Can tolerate some wet soils. Does well in rain gardens.

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Sedum oreganum Oregon Stonecrop

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

Attractive succulent herb that spreads from rhizomes. Has yellow flowers. Likes rocky or sandy areas.

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Scirpus microcarpus Small-fruited Bullrush

  • Scirpus microcarpus,  Small-fruited Bullrush
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

A grasslike wetland perennial useful for nesting of waterfowl. Dies down in winter. Creates a mat of roots that will help hold the soils in erosion prone areas.

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Potentilla gracillis Graceful Cinquefoil

  • Potentilla gracillis,  Graceful Cinquefoil
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
 

Perennial herb with runners. Yellow flowers. Likes wet spots. Or sandy soil.

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Polystichum munitum Western Sword Fern

  • Polystichum munitum,  Western Sword Fern
  • Polystichum munitum,  Western Sword Fern
  • Polystichum munitum,  Western Sword Fern
  • Plant type
    • Fern
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
 

An evergreen fern which is very abundant in our northwest forests. Fronds can grow 3-5 ft. tall. Does best in partial shade. An excellent ornamental in the naturalized garden.

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Oxalis oregana Oregon Oxalis

  • Oxalis oregana,  Oregon Oxalis
  • Oxalis oregana,  Oregon Oxalis
  • Plant type
    • GroundcoverPerennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

A low growing perennial ground cover with clover-like leaves. Has white flowers. Spreads by roots.

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Mimulus guttatus Yellow Monkey-Flower

  • Mimulus guttatus,  Yellow Monkey-Flower
  • Mimulus guttatus,  Yellow Monkey-Flower
  • Mimulus guttatus,  Yellow Monkey-Flower
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

A perennial growing 4 to 28 inches tall with bright yellow trumpet-shaped flowers.Can spread by rhizomes. Like moist areas in sun or shade.

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Maianthemum dilatatum False lily-of-the-valley

  • Maianthemum dilatatum,  False lily-of-the-valley
  • Plant type
    • GroundcoverPerennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 1-4 in., 1-3 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 1-4 in., 2-5 ft.
 

This understory plant prefers moist areas. Its glossy green, heart shaped leaves disappear in winter. Small delicate white flower clusters bloom on stalks. Beware - spreads aggressively.

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Lysichiton americanum Skunk Cabbage

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

Perennial with large leaves that bear like to eat. Has a skunk like smell if the leaves are disturbed. Yellow flowers form on stalks. Deep roots like to sink into moist soils.

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Lupinus rivularis Streambank Lupine

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
 

Perennial growing 18-24 inches with violet or blue flowers. Grows in sand or gravel near marshes.

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Lupinus polyphyllus Big Leaf Lupine

  • Lupinus polyphyllus,  Big Leaf Lupine
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Very Dry
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

Perennial growing 2-5 ft. with blue flowers. Likes moist woods and meadows.

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Lupinus littoralis Seashore Lupine

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
 

A trailing, hairy perennial growing to 24 in. often in mats. Pale blue to white pea-like flowers with bright blue wings. Found on sandy beaches and dunes along the coast.

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Lupinus albicaulis Sickle-keeled Lupine, Pine Lupine

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
 

Perennial growing 4-15 in. Leaves with silky hairs; Flowers white, purple or yellow. Grows on open dry slopes.

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Lonicera hispidula Hairy Honeysuckle

  • Lonicera hispidula,  Hairy Honeysuckle
  • Lonicera hispidula,  Hairy Honeysuckle
  • Plant type
    • PerennialVine
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Very Dry
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

Like the trumpet honeysuckle but flowers are pinkish. The leaves look hairy. Likes to grow up other plants, but will not harm them.

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Lonicera ciliosa Trumpet Honeysuckle

  • Lonicera ciliosa,  Trumpet Honeysuckle
  • Lonicera ciliosa,  Trumpet Honeysuckle
  • Lonicera ciliosa,  Trumpet Honeysuckle
  • Plant type
    • PerennialVine
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

A climbing vine with clusters of trumpet-shaped orange flowers. Prefers the filtered shade of the understory of the forest or found along road cuts. Grows up on other plants, but will not hurt them.

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Linnaea borealis Twinflower

  • Plant type
    • Groundcover
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Very Dry
    • Dry
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • UPL-Very dry, found in upland
 

A charming little woodland groundcover. It produces small, pink, fragrant, trumpet-shaped flowers in pairs. A creeping evergreen vine that often forms large mats in moist, shady woods, usually on decomposing wood. This species is found throughout the northern latitudes of the the northern hemisphere. Named for Carl Linneaus, the creator of the modern binomial naming system for plant and animals.

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Lilium columbianum Tiger Lily

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
 

Grown from a bulb, this has small flowers that are orange and spotted red. Flower is quite showy. Be sure to let the tops die down naturally so that the strength will return to the bulb.

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Lewisia rediviva Bitterroot

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
 

A rock garden favorite native to eastern Washington. Very showy flowers on this succulent. Indians dug for its nutritious roots. In summer it seems to die back, but the taproot holds it over until next spring. Likes it sunny and dry.

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Lewisia cotyledon Siskyou Bitterroot

  • Lewisia cotyledon,  Siskyou Bitterroot
  • Lewisia cotyledon,  Siskyou Bitterroot
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
 

A rock garden favorite native to the Siskyous of Oregon and California. A succulent rosette of leaves with very showy flowers, typically pink or orange with white stripes. Likes it sunny and dry on sandy or rocky sites. It does well in containers.

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Juncus ensifolius Dagger-leafed Rush

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

Wetland grass with spiked leaves. Grows from 6-24 in. tall. Likes wet meadows. Perennial.

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Iris tenax Oregon Iris

  • Iris tenax,  Oregon Iris
  • Iris tenax,  Oregon Iris
  • Iris tenax,  Oregon Iris
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
 

Showy clumped perennial with blue to purple spring flowers. Takes some moisture, but drought tolerant. Likes open areas.

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Iris setosa Alaska Iris, Wild Flag

  • Iris setosa,  Alaska Iris, Wild Flag
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

A blue iris with dark veins. Prefers wet meadows and marshes. It grows to 28 inhes.

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Iris douglasiana Douglas Iris

  • Iris  douglasiana,  Douglas Iris
  • Iris  douglasiana,  Douglas Iris
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

Showy clumped perennial with flowers from cream to reddish purple. Likes woods or meadows. Does well in moist soils. Used a lot in rain gardens.

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Ipomopsis aggregata Scarlet Gilia

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
 

A biennial or short-lived perennial. The orange-red tubular flowers, mottled with yellow are extremely attractive to hummingbirds! The flowers are borne in loose clusters, growing 1-4 feet tall. It prefers dry, open, rocky sites.

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Heuchera micrantha Small-flowered Alumroot

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
 

Similar to Fringecup and Piggyback plant, this perennial from the saxifrage family has bright green leaves and grows in clumps. It has small, white flowers in open clusters on slender reddish stems. It grows 6 to 24 inches tall.

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Heracleum lanatum Cow Parsnip

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Shade
 

A very large perennial, 3-9 feet tall with large white umbrella-like flower clusters, similar to wild carrot or Queen Anne's Lace. Caution: Cow Parsnip may cause phototoxicity, that is --after handling this plant and exposure to sunlight, areas of skin that came in contact with the plant may develop a rash or blisters--especially in individuals easily sunburned.

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Gymnocarpium dryopteris Oak Fern

  • Gymnocarpium dryopteris,  Oak Fern
  • Plant type
    • Fern
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
 

A deciduous fern with delicate triangular blades, usually solitary but often in masses. Grows to 16 inches tall.

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Glyceria occidentalis Western mannagrass

  • Plant type
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
 

Aquatic perennial. Wetland grass.

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Geum machrophylum Large Leaf Avens

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
 

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Gaultheria procumbens* Wintergreen

  • Gaultheria procumbens*,  Wintergreen
  • Gaultheria procumbens*,  Wintergreen
  • Plant type
    • Groundcover
  • Native or non-native
    • Non-native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
 

An eastern native, nice evergreen groundcover for shade. Plants have evergreen leaves. Bright red berries are wintergreen flavored.

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Fragaria vesca Woods Strawberry or Woodland Strawberry

  • Fragaria vesca,  Woods Strawberry or Woodland Strawberry
  • Plant type
    • GroundcoverPerennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Part Shade
 

Similar to Wild Strawberry but the leaves are a brighter green. It has small. bright red edible berries. Woodland Strawberry has a more delicate appearance and brightens up the understory in partial shaded forests.

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Fragaria virginiana Wild Strawberry

  • Fragaria virginiana,  Wild Strawberry
  • Plant type
    • GroundcoverPerennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

This strawberry's leaves are bluish-green and not shiny. The fruit is succulent and palatable. It grows in openings in woods, streambanks and meadows.

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Fragaria chiloensis Coastal Strawberry

  • Fragaria chiloensis,  Coastal Strawberry
  • Fragaria chiloensis,  Coastal Strawberry
  • Plant type
    • GroundcoverPerennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 2-4 in., 1-3 ft.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 4-6 in., 4-8 ft.
 

Low, evergreen groundcover that spreads by runners. Drought tolerant. Has small tasty fruit. Attractive shiny green leaves that usually stay through winter. Found along the Oregon dunes growing in deep sand.

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Festuca idahoensis Idaho Fescue

  • Festuca idahoensis,  Idaho Fescue
  • Festuca idahoensis,  Idaho Fescue
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

Densely tufted perennial with narrow leaves. Likes open, dry areas.

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Eriophyllum lanatum Wooly Sunflower, Oregon Sunshine

  • Eriophyllum lanatum,  Wooly Sunflower, Oregon Sunshine
  • Eriophyllum lanatum,  Wooly Sunflower, Oregon Sunshine
  • Eriophyllum lanatum,  Wooly Sunflower, Oregon Sunshine
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
 

An perennial subshrub, 4 to 40 inches tall. Woolly sunflower's yellow, daisy-like flowers will bring a bit of sunshine to your garden. Its attractive, silvery foliage is densely covered with woolly hairs. This plant prefers dry, open sites.

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Erigeron speciocus Showy Fleabane

  • Erigeron speciocus,  Showy Fleabane
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

An attractive perennial, 8-24 in. tall, with lavender-blue daisy-like flowers. It grows in moist places, in open woods and meadows.

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Elymus mollis American Dunegrass

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

A robust perennial grass, 2-4 feet tall, with thick spreading rhizomes. The thick grayish leaves were used by natives for weaving. It provides excellent habitat for seabirds on coastal dunes, and sandy or gravelly beaches.

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Dryopteris expansa Wood Fern

  • Plant type
    • Fern
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
 

Deciduous fern which can spread by rhizomatic roots. Likes moist forests and openings.

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Dodecatheon jeffreyi Jeffrey's Shooting Star

  • Dodecatheon jeffreyi,  Jeffrey's Shooting Star
  • Dodecatheon jeffreyi,  Jeffrey's Shooting Star
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
 

One of the most beautiful native wildflowers. This native perennial has distinctive, upside-down flowers are that are purplish, magenta, lavender or white. It grows 6 to 24 inches and grows best in wet meadows, and along stream banks and pool margins.

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Dicentra formosa Pacific Bleeding Heart

  • Dicentra formosa,  Pacific Bleeding Heart
  • Dicentra formosa,  Pacific Bleeding Heart
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

This native perennial can be found from British Columbia to California, usually west of the Cascades. Flowers vary from pink to purple although some albinos can also be found. Can be found in the wild growing near a wet area or a sping fed area.

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Deschampsia caespitosa Tufted Hairgrass

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 4-12 in., 4-12 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 8-40 in., 1-2 ft.
 

Densely tufted perennial with many stems reaching 8-40 in. tall. Likes it wet to somewhat dry and sunny. Good raingarden plant.

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Delphinium nuttalli Nuttall's Larkspur

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
 

Growing 1-2 ft. Deep blue to purple flowers on stalks. Grows on low moist ground, gravelly outwashes and basalt cliffs. Common in South Puget Sound Prairies.

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Cornus canadensis Bunchberry, Creeping Dogwood

  • Cornus canadensis,  Bunchberry, Creeping Dogwood
  • Cornus canadensis,  Bunchberry, Creeping Dogwood
  • Plant type
    • GroundcoverPerennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 1-2 in., 2-6 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 6 in., 1-2 ft.
 

This deciduous groundcover, a member of the Dogwood Family, has the distinctive white bracts around its flower. The plants are about 6 inches high and prefer shade with acid, gritty, somewhat damp but well drained soil. Birds eat berries.

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Claytonia sibirica Siberian Miners Lettus

  • Plant type
    • Annual
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
 

Succulent annual with white or pinkish flowers. Likes moist open to shady areas. Self seeds so it will come back year after year.

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Castillejas Indian Paintbrush

  • Castillejas,  Indian Paintbrush
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
 

Very showy plant. Colorful bright red to scarlet bracts surround inconspicuous flowers. Perennial grown with local fescue to aid root growth. Often found in the mountains. Wants well drained soils.

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Carex obnupta Slough sedge

  • Carex obnupta,  Slough sedge
  • Carex obnupta,  Slough sedge
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • OBL-Very wet, found in wetland
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 6-12 in., 4-9 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 12-18 in., 12-18 in.
 

A native grass that does well in moister areas. It forms attractive clumps. Great in rain gardens. Usually stays green all year. Picture with flowers was taken by Warren Krupsaw.

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Carex lyngbyei Lyngby's Sedge

  • Carex  lyngbyei,  Lyngby's Sedge
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

A native grass that does well in tidal marshes and flats. Very common along the coastline. Our most common shoreline sedge. Dies down in winter.

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Campanula rotundifolia Harebell or Bluebells-of-Scotland

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
 

Perennial herb with blue, bell-shaped flowers. Basal leaves, oval to heart-shaped, usually wither before flowers appear. Stem leaves are linear or lance-shaped. It grows 4-20 in. tall, on grassy slopes and in moist meadows. Harebell is commonly seen at high elevations.

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Camassia leichtlinii Great Camas, Leichtlin's Camas

  • Camassia leichtlinii,  Great Camas, Leichtlin's Camas
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

Perennial herb with grass like leaves to 18 in. high. Flowers pale to deep blue. Likes grassy slopes and meadows. Does well in rain gardens.

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Caltha leptosepala Marshmarigold

  • Caltha leptosepala,  Marshmarigold
  • Caltha leptosepala,  Marshmarigold
  • Caltha leptosepala,  Marshmarigold
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
 

Perennial with short fleshy stems favoring moist areas. Very showy white flowers. Nice to use along streams.

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Calochortus tolmiei Tolmie's Mariposa Lily

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
 

Perennial herb from a bulb. To 12 in. tall. Flowers cream-colored sometimes with purple or rose coloring. Likes dry rocky slopes.

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Tsuga heterophylla Western Hemlock

  • Tsuga heterophylla,  Western Hemlock
  • Tsuga heterophylla,  Western Hemlock
  • Plant type
    • Coniferous Tree
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • FACU-Usually found in upland
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 1.5-2 ft., 8-12 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 15 ft., 8 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 180 ft., 50 ft.
 

A graceful tree distinguished by its drooping leader. It grows widely along the western side of the Cascades and is often found intermixed with the Douglas Fir. It grows rapidly. Good choice for adding screening to a shaded wooded area or where the soil is a little moist.

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Brodiaea congesta Northern Brodiaea

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
 

Perennial herb growing from a corm. Has pinkish to bluish-purples flowers on a short stalk. Like drier areas.

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Balsamorhiza deltoidea Deltoid Balsamroot

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
 

This perennial has a sunflower-like inflorescence (about 3-5 in. wide). It grows to 8-36 in. tall, in open grassy areas.

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Blechum spicant Deer Fern

  • Blechum spicant,  Deer Fern
  • Blechum spicant,  Deer Fern
  • Plant type
    • Fern
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • FAC-Found in wetland and upland
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 4-8 in., 6-12 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 18 in., 1-2 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 18 in., 1.5-2.5 ft.
 

A delicate looking fern often used in floral arrangements. It grows 1 to 3 feet tall. Common in our moist conifer forests. Very attractive. Good in rain gardens if there is some shade. Can be found along seeps in the shade.

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Athyrium filix-femina Lady-Fern

  • Athyrium filix-femina,  Lady-Fern
  • Athyrium filix-femina,  Lady-Fern
  • Plant type
    • Fern
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • FACW-Usually found in wetland
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 6-12 in., 6-12 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 3-4 ft., 2-3 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 3-4 ft., 3-4 ft.
 

Delicate Fronds that die down in winter

This deciduous fern does well in moist woods, along streambanks and in wet meadows. Can get up to 6 feet tall, but is more often in the 2-3 ft. tall range. Fronds are delicate in appearance. Dies down completely in the winter.

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Aster subspicatus Douglas Aster

  • Aster subspicatus,  Douglas Aster
  • Aster subspicatus,  Douglas Aster
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 6-12 in., 4-12 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 3 ft., 2 ft.
 

Perennial growing 8-36 in. tall. Flowers are blue to purple. Likes open areas with some moisture. Spreads by rhizomes.

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Aster modestus Great Northern Aster

  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
 

Violet daisy-like flowers with yellow centers. 1 to 3 feet tall. Spreads by creeping rhizomes. Native to moist areas of the Cascades and coastal British Columbia.

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Asarum caudatum Wild Ginger

  • Asarum caudatum,  Wild Ginger
  • Plant type
    • GroundcoverPerennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 1-3 in., 2-4 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 6 in., 1-2 ft.
 

Low growing to about 6 in., it has glossy evergreen leaves and purple flowers. Prefers part or full shade in damp areas along creeks. The roots can be eaten. Spreads with rhizomes.

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Aruncus dioicus (sylvester) Goatsbeard

  • Aruncus dioicus (sylvester),  Goatsbeard
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
    • Wet
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 4-8 in., 4-8 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 3-5 ft., 2-3 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 3-5 ft., 2-3 ft.
 

Perennial growing from rhizomes to 30-60 in. tall. White flowers hang down in clusters that resemble a beard of a goat or spaghetti. Prefers edge habitats along roads, forests or streams.

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Armeria maritime Sea Thrift

  • Armeria maritime,  Sea Thrift
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 3-6 in., 3-6 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 12-18 in., 12 in.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 12-18 in., 12-15 in.
 

A perennial herb commonly found along coastal beaches and sometimes in meadows. Base has a densely tufted leaf area. Pink to lavender flowers form on top of stalks. Tolerates poor soils.

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Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick, Bearberry

  • Arctostaphylos uva-ursi,  Kinnikinnick, Bearberry
  • Arctostaphylos uva-ursi,  Kinnikinnick, Bearberry
  • Plant type
    • Groundcover
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 3-6 in., 1-2 ft.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 6-8 in., 6 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 6-8 in., 6-8 ft.
 

Kinnickinnick makes a green mat

A low growing native evergreen ground cover highly valued both as an ornamental and in naturalized settings. Has small delicate leaves, small white or pink flowers in spring, and red berries in fall. Likes full sun or shade, on well drained soils. Drought tolerant once established. Wildlife eats berries.

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Aquilegia formosa Western Columbine

  • Aquilegia formosa,  Western Columbine
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 6-12 in., 4-8 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 1.5-3 ft., 1.5 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 1.5-3 ft., 1.5 ft.
 

This red columbine is found in mountain meadows, along streamsides, and in open rocky places throughout the Pacific Northwest. Hummingbirds enjoy its nectar. Perennial. Prefers some shade.

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Allium cernuum Nodding Onion

  • Allium cernuum,  Nodding Onion
  • Allium cernuum,  Nodding Onion
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 6-12 in., 3-8 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 12-18 in., 6-12 in.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 12-18 in., 12 in. +
 

A wild onion preferring moist sunny locations such as wet meadows. Has interesting flowers and foliage. Clusters of pink flowers hang down in a nodding fashion. Clumps for like chives. Edible bulbs.

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Anaphalis margaritacea Pearly Everlasting

  • Anaphalis margaritacea,  Pearly Everlasting
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 6-12 in., 8-12 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 2-3 ft., 1-1.5 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 2-3 ft., 1-1.5 ft.
 

A perennial herb which comes up from rhizomes. Leaves are green on top and woolly-white underneath. Flowers in midsummer to fall are yellow disks with white bracks. Grows ~ 8-34 in. tall. Flowers dry well.

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Adiantum pedatum Maidenhair Fern

  • Plant type
    • Fern
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 6-12 in., 4-8 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 1-2 ft., 2 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 1-2 ft., 2 ft.
 

Delicate fern favored by gardeners. Perennial. Likes shady humus rich locations. Has black on stalks. Likes the shade.

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Achlys triphylla Vanilla Leaf

  • Achlys triphylla,  Vanilla Leaf
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Shade
 

A perennial herb spreading by underground roots. Vanilla Leaf has 3 distinctive fan-shaped leaflets on 4-15 in. stems. Its small, white, starry flowers are clustered on a short spike. Dried leaves smell like vanilla. It is found in moist, shady forests, especially along streambanks.

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Achillea millefolium Yarrow

  • Achillea millefolium,  Yarrow
  • Achillea millefolium,  Yarrow
  • Plant type
    • Perennial
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Some Moisture
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 6-12 in., 4-6 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 3-4 ft., 12-24 in.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 3-4 ft., 12-24 in.
 

A perennial aromatic herb growing to ~4-38 in. tall. Fern-like leaves with white to pinkish flowers. Used a lot by tribes for medical purposes. Aromatic herb. Usually rhizomatous. Likes dry to moist well drained open sites.

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Vaccinium ovatum Evergreen Huckleberry

  • Vaccinium ovatum,  Evergreen Huckleberry
  • Vaccinium ovatum,  Evergreen Huckleberry
  • Vaccinium ovatum,  Evergreen Huckleberry
  • Vaccinium ovatum,  Evergreen Huckleberry
  • Plant type
    • Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • UPL-Very dry, found in upland
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 6-12 in., 6-12 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 4-5 ft., 4- ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 8 ft., 6 ft.
 

This superb evergreen does as well in cultivation as it does in more naturalized settings. Small glossy evergreen leaves are quite attractive and persist all year. The branches are often used in floral arrangements. It has small pinkish white flowers in spring followed by edible blackish purple fruit towards late summer or fall. They do well in sun or shade with slightly acid soils.

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Rhododendron macrophyllum Pacific Rhododendron

  • Rhododendron macrophyllum,  Pacific Rhododendron
  • Rhododendron macrophyllum,  Pacific Rhododendron
  • Plant type
    • Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • UPL-Very dry, found in upland
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 1-2 ft., 1-2 ft.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 8 ft., 6 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 25 ft., 15 ft.
 

The state flower of Washington has large leaves and large trusses of flowers. Common on many coastal or mountain sites from California to British Columbia. It is especially attractive in naturalized settings on the Kitsap Peninsula. In the woods it can reach 25 feet high. In the open they are more compact.

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Quercus sadleriana Sadler Oak

  • Quercus sadleriana,  Sadler Oak
  • Quercus sadleriana,  Sadler Oak
  • Plant type
    • Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Very Dry
    • Dry
 

This tree/shrub is evergreen with thick leaves. Likes sunny sites on well drained soils. Often multi-stemmed.

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Prunus laurocerasus Schipkaensis* Schipka Laurel

  • Plant type
    • Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Non-native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 1-2 ft., 1-2 ft.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 8 ft., 6 ft.
 

Evergreen shrub with dark green leaves. Usually to 4-10 ft. tall and 7 ft. wide. Good for screening. Non-native.

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Potentilla fruiticosa Shrubby Cinquefoil

  • Potentilla fruiticosa,  Shrubby Cinquefoil
  • Plant type
    • Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

Semi-evergreen shrub with yellow flowers. Likes open sunny locations. Can handle wet locations.

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Myrica californica Pacific Wax Myrtle

  • Myrica californica,  Pacific Wax Myrtle
  • Myrica californica,  Pacific Wax Myrtle
  • Myrica californica,  Pacific Wax Myrtle
  • Plant type
    • Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 2-3 ft., 1-2 ft.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 8 ft., 8 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 18 ft., 15 ft.
 

Great Plant for Screening

This plant makes an excellent, attractive screen, growing up to 15 feet high and about as wide. It is marginally hardy in much of the northwest, but is worth the risk of cold die back in those maritime areas that have somewhat warmer microclimates than their inland neighbors. It tolerates salt spray, does well in both sun and shade, prefers peaty, slightly acid soils.

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Mahonia (Berberis) repens Creeping (Mahonia) Or. Grape

  • Mahonia (Berberis) repens,  Creeping (Mahonia) Or. Grape
  • Mahonia (Berberis) repens,  Creeping (Mahonia) Or. Grape
  • Plant type
    • Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen ShrubGroundcover
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • UPL-Very dry, found in upland
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 6-8 in., 6-12 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 2 ft., Spreads
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 2 ft. , Spreads
 

This evergreen plant is the smallest of our native Oregon grapes. Although originating east of the Cascades, it also does very well west of the Cascades. It spreads from underground stems. Purple fruit good for jams, jelly or wine. Has yellow flowers.

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Mahonia (Berberis) nervosa Low (Cascade) Oregon Grape

  • Mahonia (Berberis) nervosa,  Low (Cascade) Oregon Grape
  • Mahonia (Berberis) nervosa,  Low (Cascade) Oregon Grape
  • Plant type
    • Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen ShrubGroundcover
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • UPL-Very dry, found in upland
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 12 in., 6-8 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 2 ft., Spreads
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 2 ft., Spreads
 

An evergreen shrub, with compound leaves, about 2 feet in height. It is very common to the woods west of the Cascades. Flower stalks show yellow flowers in spring followed by clusters of fruit in late summer and fall. Fruit is favored by birds and suitable for jams, jelly, or wine. It does well with filtered shade in well drained soils. Can spread by rhizomes.

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Mahonia (Berberis) aquifolium Tall Oregon Grape

  • Mahonia (Berberis) aquifolium,  Tall Oregon Grape
  • Mahonia (Berberis) aquifolium,  Tall Oregon Grape
  • Mahonia (Berberis) aquifolium,  Tall Oregon Grape
  • Mahonia (Berberis) aquifolium,  Tall Oregon Grape
  • Plant type
    • Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Very Dry
    • Dry
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • UPL-Very dry, found in upland
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 8-18 in., 6-12 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 6-8 ft., 3-4 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 10 ft., 7 ft.
 

Yellow flowers followed by berries.

Highly valued as an ornamental as well as in naturalized settings. Glossy, holly-like leaves have bronzy copper color new growth which turns green by summer. Clusters of small yellow flowers in spring set purple fruit favored by birds or suitable for jellies. Height is typically up to 5 ft. in gardens, but can reach 8-10 ft. in the wild. Can be pruned to control size. Does well in both sun and shade on well drained soils.

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Gaultheria shallon Salal

  • Gaultheria shallon,  Salal
  • Gaultheria shallon,  Salal
  • Gaultheria shallon,  Salal
  • Gaultheria shallon,  Salal
  • Plant type
    • Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen ShrubGroundcover
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
    • Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • UPL-Very dry, found in upland
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 3-6 in., 3-6 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 2-3 ft., 3 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 4-6 ft., 3-5 ft.
 

Salal has tasty black berries good for people or wildlfe.

Plants have thick, evergreen leaves, that are valued in floral arrangements. Small dainty white flowers bloom in late spring or early summer bearing edible black fruit in fall. Needs well drained soils. Grows 3-6 ft. tall, tallest in shaded woodland.

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Ceanothus velutinus Snowbrush

  • Ceanothus velutinus,  Snowbrush
  • Ceanothus velutinus,  Snowbrush
  • Ceanothus velutinus,  Snowbrush
  • Ceanothus velutinus,  Snowbrush
  • Plant type
    • Coniferous or Broadleaf Evergreen Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
 

A tall, spicy-scented shrub to 9 feet. Plants have thick, shiny, evergreen leaves often sticky on top with three main veins. Flowers are white in large pyramidal clusters. Found in dry to moist open habitats.

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Viburnum opulus High Bush Cranberry

  • Viburnum opulus,  High Bush Cranberry
  • Viburnum opulus,  High Bush Cranberry
  • Plant type
    • Deciduous Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 2 ft., 2 ft.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 7 ft., 6 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 12 ft., 12 ft.
 

Has great fall color!

This shrub can grow to 10 ft. Likes moist forests and forest edges. White flower clusters are quite showy. Edible fruit is red or orange and is in clusters.

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Vaccinium parvifolium Red Huckleberry

  • Vaccinium parvifolium,  Red Huckleberry
  • Vaccinium parvifolium,  Red Huckleberry
  • Plant type
    • Deciduous Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
  • Upland/wetland ratings
    • FACU-Usually found in upland
  • Yearly Height, Width
    • 6-8 in., 4-6 in.
  • Ten Year Height, Width
    • 4 ft., 2 ft.
  • Matured Height, Width
    • 6 ft., 3 ft.
 

Red Edible berries in July

This shrub can vary from 3-12 ft., but it most often grows to about 4 feet. It tolerates shade or sun, and dryish or moist sites, but does best in well drained soils with humus. Fruit is attractive, salmon colored, edible berries favored by birds.

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Vaccinium membranaceum Mountain, Black Huckleberry

  • Vaccinium membranaceum,  Mountain, Black Huckleberry
  • Plant type
    • Deciduous Shrub
  • Native or non-native
    • Native
  • Sun & shade levels
    • Full Sun
    • Part Shade
  • Soil conditions
    • Dry
    • Moist & Well-Drained
 

Understory shrub growing to about 4.5 feet. Creamy pink to yellow pink flowers followed by purplish to red-black edible & tasty berries. These berries are frequently the ones used in Huckleberry pies and jams since they tend to be larger than those on the evergreen huckleberry plants.

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